What is great art? The answer is personal because love and emotion is involved with art. At least, I know great art from my feelings and intuition. I believe all art is psychologically interactive and that we influence each others identity profoundly. Awareness of how art impacts human behavior from one person to the next is critical because our actions have consequences like unity and separation. My work takes form in digital media, material objects, improvisational performances, education, and mentorship. What I love is inspiring people and building meaningful connections that invite us to explore new realities together. Thanks to my Ko‑fi supporters who ‘Buy me a coffee’ I can afford to spend more time doing what I love.
My blog is a record of my journey as an artist to use my authentic voice. You will find both my professional and private creative work on this blog. This digital art diary of sorts starts with photos after my home burned in a firestorm in 1990, at age 8. I have nothing from before the fire. You can navigate posts by year and see childhood doodles of words and cartoons. In Jr High, I started taking art more seriously. Portraits are the first subjects that inspired me outside of school projects. I enjoy sketching people and places while traveling and some I keep and some I give away.
Social media and Art
Today social media pages are public diaries of sorts. This public digital art is a mirror that reflects our inner worlds and can be a direct manifestation of the subconscious. Ironically, with social media, we see a duality tool as both a cure and a poison. Research shows that social media links to serious addiction behaviors. What trauma is being caused by social media?
Trauma experiences can significantly impact how people see the world and themselves. Hillman (1997) says traumatic childhood events are clues to understanding an individual’s character and calling in life. I wonder how the data collecting and marketing with social media will impact us. If a diary is important because it records personal life experiences, what value will society put on social media experiences? Does the trauma we are going through now predict our future community as a calling for a greater purpose? If the diary is a hidden and authentic form of self-expression, will social media change our relationship to intimacy and desire?
I believe learning how we value our personal experiences can inspire us to appreciate life’s diversity deeply. As empowered adults, people can uniquely contribute to the world with awareness of their talents and gifts. For people who have experienced trauma, psychological attachments can impact the individual progress in overcoming or even perceiving their limitations. Art practice research is one method to help bring consciousness to other ways of being that might otherwise remain hidden behind limiting beliefs and behaviors like fear. I’ve used this method to understand my early childhood trauma of being in a firestorm. Below is a short video piece on this topic.
My knowledge of art comes a personal creative practice, a BFA with an emphasis in painting, and an MA in Humanities with an emphasis in depth psychology. Depth Psychology says great art is highly nutritious. As what you eat nourishes your body, so what you imagine nourishes your psyche. The famous Swiss Psychologist, Carl Jung, said, “There is no difference in principle between organic and psychic growth.” Jung also wrote that creativity is an instinct, not an optional gift granted to a lucky few. If you don’t find a way to be creative in life, that instinct becomes repressed and frustrated. You feel its loss as a deflation, the spirit leaking out of your sense of self. You feel empty, disengaged, and unfulfilled. Managing creative inspiration can be more challenging than managing a healthy diet. It is practical to learn the arts just like you would learn tools for cooking healthy food, supportive friendships, safe environments, and good jobs.
My art often comes automatically from feelings of being stuck in emotions, beliefs, and ideas that distort perceptions of reality and demand to be heard. I am influenced by many artists like Andrea Zittel, James Turrell, and Kiki Smith. I am also influenced by social and environmental justice issues. Turning inward for inspiration, there are three techniques I use to reach my authentic voice. These are; Active Imagination, Dream Tending, and Mix Method / Art Practice Research.
Art-based research is information presented so that an experiential understanding is possible, because some truths, only art itself can embody. My art is primarily visual, and by presenting iconic images together I create a narrative somewhat like an abstract comic, as seen with the rainbow icon in the collection in Figure 1. You can view art on My Artist Diary by searching a keyword like, rainbow.
Many research practices use narrative to communicate the truth of social life in stories. Leavy (2008) said narratives “may be our own stories, those of others, or those that blur ‘the real’ and ‘the imaginary’ but are no less truthful in communicating human experience” (p. 39).
Figure 1. Collection of rainbow images by Mitra Cline.
I share aspects of my personal and creative life in this public blog, so I was thrilled to find a history of feminist scholars and theologians that use autobiographic information in their work. The feminist scholars share my desire for social evolution in the form of spiritual awareness or, in Jungian terms, Self-awareness. I define feminism as “the radical practice of co-humanity of women and men” (Gross, 1998, p. 3). I agree with this logic:
Our specific situations as women in a patriarchal society affected our interests, our concerns, and the results of our scholarship… Eventually, we also came to see that not only gender but also race, class, culture, sexual orientation, and the like, had their impact on scholarship. Therefore, we are likely ever again to be naive enough to believe that the scholars experience does not affect her scholarship. (Gross, 1998, p. 3)
Discerning what personal disclosure is relevant to a scholarly argument or work of art is important, and I am getting better at it. A relevant example of the creative scholarship is Woodman, an author, and Jungian analyst. She described the feminine as the earth itself, soulful living energy pulsing in our material world. She shared her personal life experience to explain how connecting to feminine energy helped her overcome an addiction to anorexia, changes in her marriage, and a diagnosis of fatal cancer (Reid, 2010).
For my final art project in graduate school, I became inspired to find out what my peers thought empowered women are like today. I created a survey online with questions based on the story of Inanna. I received 56 responses. The two unanimous results were that 98.4% would sacrifice material wealth, and 82.7% value love most. I was happy because, when asked who supported them most, many wrote “Myself” in the comments. It was exactly what I had self-consciously edited out of the answer options (Cline, 2016).
I selected historical goddesses, seen in Figure 2, to learn more by looking closely at master artworks. Only a sculpture can embody the contemporary empowered woman that my peers described. Clay is magical, and making art with it is pleasurable. As the goddess form emerged from the clay in my art project, I felt as if my own body was changing. In the process, I became curious about what she was holding in her hands, and her hands changed.
Figure 2. On left is historical goddesses and, on right, my clay goddess (Cline, 2016).
The goddess made two modern signs, peace with the left hand and a salute to live long and prosper (Stieber, 2015) with the right. Looking at the finished image, I notice she is in front of a doorway like a gatekeeper, and accompanied by two sets of twin animal guardians. Her wings outstretched, she also forms a cross. Everything is soft and vulnerable in naked clay.
I shared the art with my survey participants by making a short film of the process. I included these words from the survey; “Nature Supports It. Divine Support It. It is Love. Live Long and Prosper in Peace” (Cline, 2016). All who see her receive this blessing, perhaps me most of all. The video, Feminine Values, and complete survey results are publically available here.
I make digital art in my creative process so I can share my work with people all over the world freely. However, engaging directly with original art is vital. Selecting clay for the goddess is important because it makes her one of a kind and not reproducible. A more poetic expression of this concept of original value is, “A single rose can be my garden . . . a single friend, my world” (Buscaglia, 2001-2016, para. 1)
Benjamin (1969) says,
That which withers in the age of mechanical reproduction is the aura of the work of art”
“The instant the criterion of authenticity ceases to be applicable to artistic production, the total function of art is reversed. Instead of being based on ritual, it begins to be based on another practice – politics”(Benjamin, p. 224).
As a professional artist I must be able to discern between what is art and what is politics, research helps me define authenticity.
In my business, Foreverbird Studio, visual style is about more than pretty pictures; it is about listening, community engagement, conservation, and wild imagination. My clients understand how collaboration in risk-free exploratory environments fosters creativity (Farrell, 2003); they value following an authentic path and understand infinite potential. Working together, we overcome obstacles that limit adaptability so the business can keep up with the pace of evolving styles and technology. Not all business people lack interest, money, or time for contemplating the soul of art. It is possible to use art and creativity responsibly while also meeting traditional goals like increasing sales and reducing expenses.
For me, play is an infectious embodiment of priceless life energy that creates community and results in meaningful connection. In Creative Influence, I talk about playful art that I made inspired by artists from the Civil Rights Movement. Resisting exploitation, artists influence others to speak their truth.
The artist authentic voice is needed, because if we allow the market value of art to “define and control our gifts, the less gifted we will become, as individuals and as a society”(Hyde, 2007, p. 205)
Original Odyssey Card
While at Pacifica Graduate Institute, I invented and produced a card game that will be discussed in Original Odyssey. Games are a method I use to introduce creative concepts into a traditionally logical business world. Like great art, games require creativity, collaboration, and contribution. In addition, more widely accepted qualitative science has linked playing games to improved mental health, making logical people more willing to be playful (McGonigal, 2011). Sometimes I run into people who do not agree with my values, but I am OK with failure. I learn from my mistakes, and I am inspired to work hard to achieve collective greatness, as I witness it in history and know it is achievable. One aspect of my character is that I can play a long game.
In conclusion, there are three major new methods I learned in graduate school that I now use in my art practice: active imagination, dream tending, art-based research. With scholarly and artistic knowledge I am able to cope, interpret, and navigate, the unfolding unknown in life. Creativity is a vital part of my life because it communicates essential truths between the people I love that cannot be expressed in any other way.
If you are interested in learning more about the soul-spirit connection and the role of art in psychology, please listen to my presentation: Floating, Falling, Balancing, Flying, and Landing.
“Living images, particularly those who carry the intelligence of the ancestors, are at the core of our personal maturation” (p. 55).A known expert on dream tending, Aizenstat (2012)
Wanting to mature, with the ancestors’ intelligence, I put attention on one image at a time. I need help managing my chaotic dreams, and a goddess with wings appears in active-imagination to solve this problem. She is my imaginary personal assistant, a playful fairy named Tink. She carries a skeleton key and has access to everything in the universe. She lives in a giant treehouse with an infinity pool.
Discovering how to amplify the power of living images came about unexpectedly. It began with a nightmare. In my paper, Red Mask, I explain how collaborating with two women, a goddess trifecta, Mystic Sisters, gave me the ability to listen to imaginary voices.
An imaginary voice is a thought, feeling, or image. Like a nightmare, negative opinions can be unexpected and overwhelming. My commitment to group creative work helped me connect to difficult emotions like spite, crippling self-doubt, fear, and defeatist apathy. I found sharing dreams in a creative project is transformative, alive and that its potential impact compounds in value as the group collaboration grows in size. This is one reason, I believe, transformative arts festivals continue to draw big crowds of people.
Real people I know frequently appear in my dreams, and I remember their words the most. Watkins (1998) said we must differentiate between our relationships with real people and dream images that look like them. I am careful not to project my thoughts and feelings onto other people. The skill to differentiate self and other requires a fluid definition of reality.
The Sufis explained this water-like quality by speaking of the science of imagination as also being the “science of mirrors, of all mirroring surfaces and of the forms that appear in them.” Images appear in the mirror though they are not part of the mirror itself. (Watkins, 1998, p. 135)
Thanks to dream tending I have new appreciation for art that can communicate clearly to me. Mystical experiences of alternate realities, like in dreams or art, can foster curiosity about the world and make the unknown interesting, not scary. Campbell (2002) said:
Let us accept the suggestion and recognize, then, that what is intended by art, metaphysics, magical hocus-pocus, and mystical religion, is not the knowledge of anything, not truth, not goodness, or beauty, but an evocation of a sense of the absolutely unknowable. (p. 151)
Now I am getting to my heart, an irresistible attraction to what is beyond my understanding, the magical. I believe new perspectives create new realities, or visa Vera, making the previously impossible, possible. This concept of a potential for a miracle appears in my work as a dark portal, a threshold for crossing between worlds. Until Pacifica Graduate Institute, I consciously made positive images in my art practice because I did not see any value in looking at unwanted things.
Trusting my authentic creative rhythm, embracing what seems ugly, is extremely valuable because it honors the role of the shadow in creative cycles. My art practice connects my body-soul-spirit. Jung (2009) put it another way when he said,
“The way of life writhes like the serpent from right to left and from left to right, from thinking to pleasure and from pleasure to thinking. One cannot live with forethinking alone, or with pleasure alone. You need both”(p. 247)
I am not the only female artist who works with dreams in the creative practice. In particular, the artists interviewed in Ariadne’s (2006) book, Women Dreaming–Into–Art, are role models and inspire me to keep on creating even if I do not think I know what I am making. Their work is stunning and is so much more than technique. Ariadne said, “Acting as inner change agents, these artists both model and facilitate for others processes, which ultimately promote self-reliance and confidence” (Locations 226-228).
How do we grow beyond limiting experience? To know what is possible, we must look to the humanities. In particular, we must seek out the great works of others. One example of great creative work is The Red Book by Jung (2009) that contains illustrated stories and is the creative source material for what became active imagination therapy. About this therapy, Hillman (1983) said, “radical activation of imagination was Jung’s method of Know Thyself” (p. 56).
In depth psychology, Self is a term for the all-encompassing organizing central psychic pattern. Self is more powerful than ego, the smaller part of the psyche identified as an individual personality. If a person cannot connect to Self then they are likely to feel estranged from vital life energy (Jung, 2012). Jung’s active imagination method allows the ego to connect and communicate with the Self. This is important because it is the source of vital life energy.
Close reading is one form of active imagination. In a group setting, a close reading of words illuminates how each person’s unique life experience effects their understanding of reality. Another active imagination form is stick to the image, and it means returning to one reference for ideas (Chodorow, 1997). While at Pacifica Graduate Institute, my centering image was Inanna, queen of heaven and earth.
By looking closely at the ancient story of Inanna I discovered new information about my female body-mind-soul. Most importantly, I learned that the task of the heroine is, “to heal the internal split that tells us to override the feelings, intuition, and dream images that inform us of the truth of life” (Murdock, 2013, p. 11). In Sci-Fi Heroine, I show how Murdock’s model of the heroine’s journey syncs up with the award-winning film Gravity (Cuarón, Heyman, & Cuarón, 2013). I illustrate the plot points in the heroine’s psychological process with still images from the film.
I am engaged with art that creates feelings of equity, interdependence, unity, passion and love. The lover archetype complements the heroine’s task of unification and the artist’s passion. While at first, it seems these are all positive each archetype contains the negative side too. It is suffering or trauma that sparks psychological development. “The actual process of individuation—the conscious coming-to-terms with one’s own inner center (psychic nucleus) or Self—generally begins with a wounding of the personality and the suffering that accompanies it” (Jung, 2012, p. 169). Experiencing new things, triggered by unwanted real or fictional events, is how potential behavior patterns become specific and manifest.
In my life, witnessing the death of a friend gave me the courage to make a challenging decision in life and attend graduate school. In my first quarter of school, still in grief and experiencing the opposing emotions of my loss and his freedom for suffering deeply, I found American Morning Paintings. They commemorate the death of George Washington, a founder of our free nation. The paintings feature a goddess crying at his grave; she represents liberty, and in her grief she embodies the imperfection of humanity (Schorsch, 1979). The grieving goddess is an alchemical symbol. Jung used the term alchemical symbol to describe images that could enable transformation, unlike the basic symbol that only points to the unknown (Rowland, 2012). Thanks to the grieving goddess, I now understand how image and behavior unite and intertwine to create meaningful transformation in an individual life.
Contact: email@example.com | 805.455.6004 | mitracline.com
Ariadne, P. (2006). Women dreaming-into-art: Seven artists who create from dreams [Kindle version]. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com
Aizenstat, S. (2011). Dream tending: Awakening the healing power of dreams. New Orleans, LA: Spring Journal.
Benjamin, W. (1969). The work of art in the age of mechanical reproduction. In Illuminations (pp. 217 – 254). New York, NY: Schocken Books.
Buscaglia, L. (2001-2016). Leo Buscaglia quotes. Retrieved from http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/l/leo_buscaglia.html
Campbell, J. (2002). Flight of the wild gander: Explorations in the mythological dimension – selected essays, 1944-1968. Novato, CA: New World Library.
Chodorow, J. (1997). Introduction. In Jung on active imagination (pp. 1-20). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Cline, M. (2016). What are empowered women like now? Retrieved from https://mitracline.com/2016/08/08/what-are-empowered-women-like-now/
Farrell, M. P. (2003). Collaborative circles: Friendship dynamics and creative work. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Gross, R. M. (1998). Soaring and settling: Buddhist perspectives on social and theological issues. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Academic.
Hillman, J. (1983) The pandemonium of images—Jung’s contribution to know thyself. In Healing fiction (pp. 53-63, 75-81). Woodstock, CT: Spring Publications.
Hyde, L. (2007). The gift: Creativity and the artist in the modern world. New York, NY: Vintage.
Jung, C. G. (2012). Approaching the unconscious. In C. G. Jung & M.-L. von Franz (Eds.), Man and his symbols (pp. 1-94). New York, NY: Dell.
Jung, C. G. (2009) The red book: Liber novus (S. Shamdasani, Ed.) (S. Shamdasani, M. Kyburz, & J. Peck Trans.). New York, NY: W. W. Norton.
Leavy, P. (2008). Method meets art: Arts-based research practice. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
McGonigal, J. (2011). Reality is broken: Why games make us better and how they can change the world. New York, NY: Penguin Books.
Moore, T. (2009). A life at work: The joy of discovering what you were born to do. New York, NY: Harmony.
Murdock, M. (2013). The heroine’s journey: Woman’s quest for wholeness. Boston, MA: Shambhala.
Reid, A. G. (2010). Marion Woodman: Dancing in the flames. [Motion picture]. USA: Capri Vision.
Rowland, S. (2012). The ecocritical psyche: Literature, complexity evolution and Jung. New York, NY: Routledge.
Schorsch, A. (1979). A key to the kingdom: the iconography of a mourning picture. Winterthur Portfolio, 14(1), 41-71.
Statista. (2016). Advertising spending in the U.S. by medium 2011-2017. Retrieved from http://www.statista.com/statistics/272315/advertising-spending-in-the-us-by-medium/
Stieber, Z. (2015). Spock hand sign meaning: How did Leonard Nimoy come up with Vulcan salute? Retrieved from http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/1266321-spock-hand-sign-meaning-how-did-nimoy-come-up-with-vulcan-salute/
Watkins, M. (2000). Invisible guests. Woodstock, CT: Spring Publications.